STUDY OF DUNE DEVELOPMENT IN PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
Six geographers from across North America gathered at Greenwich Dunes, Prince Edward Island National Park in October to collect information which will help to quantify, with a high level of detail, the physical processes that control dune development. The information can be used to predict changes in the coastline due to significant events such as storm surges and ice raft damage and the longer-term impact of sea-level rise. For information, access http://www.mta.ca/news/index.cgi?id=623.
NOVA SCOTIA'S NATURE RESERVES
Nova Scotia has more than doubled its nature reserve lands with the designation of four new reserves and the expansion of another. The new reserves include bogs and coastal headlands and barrens. About 8.2 per cent of land in Nova Scotia is protected through the combined efforts of the provincial and federal governments, and organizations like the Nature Conservancy of Canada and the Nova Scotia Nature Trust. For information, access http://www.gov.ns.ca/news/details.asp?id=20041208004.
BY THE SEA - A GUIDE TO THE COASTAL ZONE OF ATLANTIC CANADA
By the Sea is a guide to the ecosystems within the coastal zone of Atlantic Canada and their importance to the economy (fisheries, aquaculture, tourism, etc). It describes estuaries, salt marshes, rocky shores, and beaches, their salt-tolerant inhabitants and their interrelationships with one another. It also includes action-oriented activities. The guide is intended for educators, interpreters, naturalists, and anyone interested in the coastal zone. By the Sea in available in English at http://www.glf.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/os/bysea-enmer/index-e.php and in French at http://www.glf.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/os/bysea-enmer/index-f.php.
ADVISORY PANEL ON THE SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT
OF STRADDLING FISH STOCKS IN THE NORTHWEST ATLANTIC
A three-member Panel has been named to provide advice to the Government of Canada on how to reduce overfishing and avoid the ecological destruction of straddling stocks in the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization Regulatory Area. The Panel has been tasked to recommend solutions that address both short- and long-term fisheries governance issues and to provide advice regarding how to achieve more effective coastal State rights on the management of these straddling fish stocks. For information, access http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/media/newsrel/2004/hq-ac91_e.htm.
MAPS OF CANADA'S COASTAL ZONE SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURE
The Maurice Lamontagne Institute remote sensing laboratory operates two satellite image receiving stations allowing the acquisition of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) weather satellite data. These data are processed to calculate sea surface temperatures for use within oceanographic research projects and for ecosystem monitoring. Data are available as JPEG images for a series of nine regions covering Canada's coastal zones. For information, access http://www.osl.gc.ca/teledetection/en/index.html.
POTENTIAL IMPACTS OF SEISMIC SOUNDS AND ENERGY
- Fisheries and Oceans Canada has released a Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat (CSAS) review on potential impacts of seismic sounds on fish, invertebrates, marine turtles and marine mammals. The review builds on an inventory of ecological factors, developed during a workshop held in March 2003, to be considered when reviewing a seismic survey application. The review is available on the CSAS website at http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas/Csas/status/2004/HSR2004_002_E.pdf.
- In collaboration with the Area 19 Snow Crab Fishermen's Association and Corridor Resources Inc., Fisheries and Oceans Canada conducted a study on the potential impacts of seismic energy on the reproductive biology of female snow crab off western Cape Breton, Nova Scotia. The overview of this study is available on the CSAS website at http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas/Csas/status/2004/HSR2004_003_E.pdf.
NEW INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LICENSING GUIDELINES FOR NTS MAPS
In order to make procedures easier for clients, Natural Resources Canada's Centre for Topographic Information in Ottawa has undertaken a review of policies regarding intellectual property. Procedures for granting permission to reproduce National Topographic System (NTS) maps have been simplified, and guidelines, instructions and licence agreements in electronic format are now available. For information, access http://maps.NRCan.gc.ca/permission/index_e.php.
ADDRESSING THE IMPACTS OF FISHERIES ON THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT
Turning the Tide - Addressing the Impact of Fisheries on the Marine Environment, the 25th report of the UK's Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, includes several recommendations related to: better management of human activities in the marine environment; short-term measures to protect the marine environment; fisheries management; public participation; research to understand the marine environment; and reducing the environmental impact of aquaculture. The report is available at http://www.rcep.org.uk.
SOCIAL SCIENCE TOOLS AND METHODS FOR MPA MANAGEMENT
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration website on Social Science Tools and Methods for Marine Protected Areas Management gives basic information about social science concepts and methods, and guides managers in determining the appropriate tools, such as surveys and cost-benefit analyses, to address their specific issues. The site is divided into sections that focus on social science themes, tools, case studies, and references. Topics include surveys, non-market valuation, and social assessment. For information, access http://www.csc.noaa.gov/mpass.
BACTERIA STANDARDS FOR BEACHES IN THE US
The US Environmental Protection Agency has established more protective health-based federal bacteria standards for those states and territories bordering the Great Lakes or ocean waters that have not yet adopted standards in accordance with the Beach Act of 2000. For information, access http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/beaches/bacteria-rule-final-fs.htm.
TEMPERATURE AND SALINITY DATA FOR THE WORLD'S OCEANS
Argo is an international project to collect information on the upper part of the world's oceans. Currently there are 1500 ocean-traveling float instruments operating. By 2006 there will be 3000 floats producing 100,000 temperature and salinity profiles per year. Applications include: ocean heat storage and climate change; ocean salinity changes due to rainfall; ocean-driven events such as El Niño; impacts of ocean temperature on fisheries and regional ecosystems; interactions between the ocean and monsoons; and how the oceans drive hurricanes and typhoons. For information and to download data and maps, access http://www.argo.net.
CENSUS OF MARINE LIFE
The Census of Marine Life is a global network of researchers in more than 70 countries engaged in a 10-year initiative to assess and explain the diversity, distribution, and abundance of life in the ocean and explain how it changes over time. At least 106 new species of marine fish have been discovered so far in 2004. For information on the Census, access http://www.coml.org. The Census database, available at http://iobis.org, has assembled more than 5.2 million records mapping the distribution of 38,000 marine species.
OTHER DOCUMENTS AND RESOURCES
- A report entitled The Value of Natural Capital in Settled Areas of Canada, commissioned by Ducks Unlimited and the Nature Conservancy of Canada, urges governments to get a better handle on the costs of degrading nature. It also describes the benefits lost to society when nature is destroyed. The report is available at http://www.natureconservancy.ca/pdf/en-natural%20capital.pdf.
- Volume 26 of The Coastal Society Bulletin available at http://www.uhi.umb.edu/Issue_2004n3.pdf includes an article entitled Is It Time To Zone The Ocean?.
- The MIT Sea Grant College Program Hitchhikers Guide to Exotic Species is now available. The field guide contains colour photographs and information on several introduced species and a few native species (for comparison), and may be used to track the spread of these species. The Guide is available at http://massbay.mit.edu/.
- A report by the Pew Center on Global Climate Change, Observed Impacts of Global Climate Change in the US, reviews the broad range of ecological changes that have occurred in response to human induced changes in the global and US climate. The report also highlights actions that can be taken to better manage natural resources to minimize the effects of climate change. It is available at http://ealert.pewclimate.org/ctt.asp?u=437042&l=67971.
- Papers presented at the World Ocean Forum in New York on 15-16 November 2004 are available at http://worldoceanforum.org/agenda.htm. Papers include Infinity Loss: Oceans Under Stress by Dr. Peter Harrison, and Coastal Ecosystems, Industrialization, and Impacts on Human Well-Being by Dr. Tundi Agardy.
- The US Geological Survey website at http://water.usgs.gov/owq/microbial.html provides links to general information on microbial source-tracking and detection techniques, including a link to the Soil and Water Conservation Society of Metro Halifax, Nova Scotia.
- 17 December is the deadline for submitting abstracts to CoastGIS 2005, the 6th International Symposium on Computer Mapping and GIS for Coastal Zone Management, scheduled for 21-23 July 2005 in Aberdeen, Scotland
- 17 December 2004 is the deadline for submitting abstracts to Maritime Heritage 2005, the 2nd International Conference on Maritime Heritage, scheduled for 18-20 April 2005 in Barcelona, Spain
- 15 January 2005 is the deadline for submitting abstracts to the third biannual conference People and the Sea III: New Directions in Coastal and Maritime Studies, scheduled for 7-9 July 2005 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands
- 21 January 2005 is the deadline for submitting abstracts to the International Symposium on Advances in Marine Ecosystem Modelling Research, scheduled for 27-29 June 2005 at the Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, UK
- 31 January 2005 is the deadline for submitting abstracts to the 2005 International Ocean Research Conference, scheduled for 6-10 June 2005 at the UNESCO Headquarters in Paris, France
- 31 January 2005 is the deadline for submitting proposals to the New Brunswick Environmental Trust Fund. The Fund provides assistance for action-oriented projects with tangible, measurable results, aimed at protecting, preserving and enhancing the Province's natural environment.
- 11 February 2005 is the deadline for nominations for the 2004 APICS/Canpolar Science Communication Awards. The three categories are: a scientist who best communicates science research to the general public; a professional communicator who writes/presents the best article/show on a scientific issue; and a teacher who encourages students' interest in science and technology.
OTHER UPCOMING CONFERENCES
- For a more complete list of upcoming conferences and workshops, access http://aczisc.dal.ca/conf.htm.
- 23-26 January 2005: EST 2005, the International Conference on Environmental Science and Technology, New Orleans, Louisiana
- 24-27 January 2005: 3rd International Conference on Remediation of Contaminated Sediments, New Orleans, Louisiana
- 20-25 February 2005: 2005 Aquatic Sciences Meeting of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Salt Lake City, Utah
- 22-23 February 2005: 3rd Eastern Scotian Shelf Integrated Management (ESSIM) Initiative Forum Workshop, Halifax, Nova Scotia
- 25-26 February 2005: Fishermen and Scientists Research Society 2005 Annual Conference, Truro, Nova Scotia
- 7-10 March 2005: Coastal GeoTools '05, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina
- 7-10 March 2005: HABs and Eutrophication Open Science Meeting, Baltimore, Maryland
- 29-31 March 2005: US Hydro 2005 Conference, San Diego, California
- 29-31 March 2005: 2005 Puget Sound Georgia Basin Research Conference, Seattle, Washington