Bay of Fundy Primer
The Bay of Fundy is part of the Gulf of Maine, a highly productive ecosystem that is culturally significant and economically important to Canada. It is characterized by powerful tides which mix ocean with fresh water from 60 rivers draining large watersheds from the provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick and the states of Maine, New Hampshire and Massachusetts. Over 10 million people live in the Gulf of Maine watershed. The Gulf of Maine is one of the largest semi-enclosed coastal seas in North America.
Over 3,000 marine species and birds are found in the Gulf of Maine, as well as more than 30 species at risk, including the roseate tern and the endangered North Atlantic right whale. It is recognized as one of the world’s richest marine ecosystems with various marine and estuarine habitats, such as salt marshes, seagrass beds, tidal mud flats, underwater rocky outcrops, and kelp beds.
The Gulf has supported a long tradition of fishing, marine transportation, coastal development, and recreation, and continues to be a valuable resource for the people who live and work in the region. The level of current use and the demand for new development is leading to conflicting use of land, resources, and natural goods and services, which is exerting pressure on the health of the Gulf of Maine ecosystem.
Learn more about the Bay of Fundy
The Fundy Issues publications are fact sheets which describe the scientific understanding of many important issues confronting the Bay of Fundy, or topics of particular interest. They summarize available information in an impartial and non-technical manner suited to a general audience.
Bay of Fundy Science Workshop Proceedings are available here.
State of the Gulf of Maine Report
The State of the Gulf of Maine Report is a modular, living document made up of a context document and a series of theme or issue papers.
The EcoSystem Indicator Partnership (ESIP) Fact Sheets
ESIP is a committee of the Gulf of Maine Council on the Marine Environment. ESIP is developing indicators for the Gulf of Maine and integrating regional data for a new Web-based reporting system for marine ecosystem monitoring. Find the ESIP Fact Sheets here.