To protect both wildlife, especially migratory wildlife and species at risk, and their habitat, the Canada Wildlife Act was passed in 1973 to authorize the establishment of protected areas known as National Wildlife Areas (NWAs). There are 51 NWAs across Canada protecting a total of over 529 000 hectares. They are regions which include relatively undisturbed ecosystems containing nationally significant aquatic and/or terrestrial habitats necessary for animals or plants to survive.
National Wildlife Areas are created and managed for the purposes of wildlife research, conservation, and interpretation. Regulated hunting is permitted in some locations. Environment Canada's Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS) uses an ecosystem approach to manage and plan for NWAs. This approach requires the cooperation of public and private institutions to manage landscapes with a common goal of habitat protection.
Source: Environment Canada’s website.
- Criteria for Selecting Candidate National Wildlife Areas
For protected areas in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick,
Newfoundland and Labrador, and Prince Edward Island:
Canadian Wildlife Service
P.O. Box 6227
17 Waterfowl Lane
Sackville, New Brunswick E4L 1G6
Phone: (506) 364-5044