Protected Areas Publications



A Review of Conservation Trust Funds for Sustainable Marine Resources Management: Conditions for Success

Research report by the International Institute for Environment and Development providing a broad overview of how to create a Conservation Trust Fund the report describes: legal and institutional structure, fund generation and delivery, and identifying when it might be an appropriate tool.

Canada's Oceans Action Plan

The Oceans Action Plan serves as the overarching umbrella for coordinating and implementing oceans activities, and provides a framework to sustainably develop and manage our oceans. It is available from the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada.

Canada Wildlife Act

The full document of the Canada Wildlife Act is available from the Department of Justice.

CPAWS Special Marine Areas in Newfoundland & Labrador

This 2009 marine guide outlines 73 sites that are of particular interest from ecological, social or economic perspectives. Each summary includes a description of the site, and its marine habitats, marine wildlife, special features, existing protection and current or potential threats. The guide explains how to reduce and eliminate negative impacts and promotes the use of public education and engagement as tools to aid in the conservation and preservation of these marine areas.

Federal Marine Protected Areas Strategy

The Federal Marine Protected Area Strategy outlines how government departments and agencies will work together to establish a comprehensive network of marine protected areas that will conserve and protect Canada’s natural and cultural marine resources.

First Nations and Marine Protected Areas in British Columbia

This 2009 report commissioned by the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society (CPAWS) helps encourage a broader understanding of First Nations rights, concerns and interests regarding Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). The report covers legal and treaty themes, cultural and economic considerations and past experiences, and it identifies necessary changes and promising approaches to achieve a collaborative, coast-wide MPA network in British Columbia.

Guide for Planners and Managers to Design Resilient Marine Protected Area Networks in a Changing Climate

The Commission for Environmental Cooperation of North America launched the guide. A CECTalks webcast is available on the website to learn more about the guide.

How deep did Canada dare?

Twenty years ago, Canada made an international commitment to establishing a network of marine protected areas by 2012 in response to the growing threats to ocean life of overfishing, industrial development, pollution, and climate change. Released by the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society, this report details the progress to date.

Key Marine Conservation Spots

A 2011 study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences identifies the 20 most important regions of the world's oceans and lakes for the survival of marine mammal species. The top conservation areas are the coasts of Baja California, northeastern America, Peru, Argentina, northwest Africa, South Africa, Japan, Australia and New Zealand.

Marine Protected Areas by December 2012

Published in May 2012, a report released by CPAWS titled “Is Canada on track to create 12 new marine protected areas by December 2012?”, assesses progress over the past 12 months.

Marine Protected Areas In The United States

The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Marine Protected Areas Center has released a report titled “Marine Protected Areas of the United States: Conserving Our Oceans, One Place at a Time”. The report provides a details of the coverage, level of protection, protected resources, and ecological representativeness of MPAs in US waters. It also features brief case studies in MPA management from around the country.

National Framework for Canada's Network of Marine Protected Areas

Approved in September 2011 by the Canadian Council of Fisheries and Aquaculture Ministers, the document provides strategic direction for the design of a national network of MPAs. It includes the vision and goals; design properties; eligibility criteria for inclusion in the network; network governance structure; and guidance for promoting national consistency in bioregional network planning.

National Historic Sites of Canada System Plan

The full document, complete with illustrations, of the Natural Historic Sites of Canada System Plan is available from the Parks Canada Library.

National Marine Conservation Areas - Extending Parks Canada's Reach into Canada's Oceans and Great Lakes

Published in 2010 in The George Wright Forum. Article by Doug Yurick.

National Parks System Plan

Published in 1997, this is the third edition of the National Parks System Plan which provides information on national parks system planning and descriptions of natural regions.

Navigating the Future of Marine World Heritage

Forty-three marine sites have been inscribed on the World Heritage List, covering about 1.4 million km2 of the ocean surface. The report titled “Navigating the Future of Marine World Heritage” summarizes the conclusions and recommended actions from the first meeting of World Heritage marine site managers held from 1 to 3 December 2010 in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Newfoundland Parks and Protected Areas Map

Published in 2010, this map shows all the protected areas in Newfoundland. It includes provincial and federal sites.

Oceans Act

The full document of the Oceans Act is available from the Department of Justice.

Our Parks and Protected Areas: A Plan for Nova Scotia

This plan advances Nova Scotia’s efforts to protect and conserve the natural landscape, potentially adding 220 properties and more than 249 000 hectares; a combined landmass equal to nearly one-quarter the size of Cape Breton Island. And it will protect 13 percent of our Nova Scotia’s outstanding lands.

Scientists call on Canada to strictly protect at least 30% of its oceans (2011)

"Science-based Guidelines for Marine Protected Areas and MPA Networks in Canada" is a report commissioned by the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society and authored by 14 marine scientists. The report calls for Canada to strictly protect at least 30% of its oceans in "no-take reserves" under new guidelines for marine protected areas that would make industrial activities off limits within their boundaries.

Seascape structure may have larger influence on fish abundance than protection status

This 2010 article published in Conservation Biology describes how fish respond to marine protected areas (MPAs). It suggests that seascape structure - primarily depth and bottom complexity - has a larger influence on changes in the abundance of fish than differences in protection status.

Spotlight on Marine Protected Areas in Canada

Published by the Department of Fisheries and Oceans Canada, the MPA Spotlight report celebrates progress to date in protecting the marine environment through federal, provincial and territorial protected areas in Canada's three oceans and Great Lakes. The report was developed collaboratively, and contains national and regional marine protected area statistics and maps.

Status and Trends of Caribbean Coral Reefs: 1970-2012

This report by the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network, the International Union for Conservation of Nature, and the United Nations Environment Programme has found that Caribbean corals have declined by more than 50% since the 1970’s. However, restoring parrotfish populations and improving other management strategies, such as protection from overfishing and excessive coastal pollution, could help the reefs recover and make them more resilient to future climate change impacts.

The Convention on Biological Diversity’s Ecologically or Biologically Significant Areas: Origins, development, and current status. Marine Policy

According to a study in Marine Policy titled “The Convention on Biological Diversity’s Ecologically or Biologically Significant Areas: Origins, development, and current status. Marine Policy” an international process to inform high-seas conservation and management is at a critical juncture. Experts have assembled detailed information on 172 ecologically or biologically significant areas (EBSAs), but policy disagreements have delayed further consideration.

Wetland Conservation Policy for Nova Scotia (2011)

The Nova Scotia Wetland Conservation Policy is a comprehensive new policy that provides direction and a framework for the conservation and management of wetlands. The Policy identifies the legislation, regulations, and policies that are currently relevant to wetland conservation; clarifies the roles and responsibilities of government and the public in relation to wetlands; and makes this information more accessible.

Wetland Management in New Brunswick (2012)

The Government of New Brunswick has released a long-term wetland management strategy that reflects consultations with the public and stakeholders. The strategy aims to protect all provincially significant wetlands; improve permitting processes; and engage stakeholders in the development of wetland boundaries and a balanced system where hydrology, water quality and biodiversity in a given area will be incorporated in wetland management.

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